Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau. Recinte modernista.
Sant Antoni Maria Claret, 167.
(Corner Sant Antoni M. Claret / Independència).
Monday to Sunday:
10 am, 11 am, 12am and 13pm ENGLISH
10.30 am French
11.30 am Spanish
12.30 pm Catalan
Closed: 1 and 6 January and 25 and 26 December.
Access to the information point and start of guided tours: the corner of Sant Antoni M. Claret/Independència.
Tel.: (+34) 932 682 444. www.bcn.cat/visitsantpau
RESTRICTED ACCESS DUE TO WORK ON THE SANT PAU MODERNISTA COMPLEX
From 19/11/2009, public access will be restricted to the main part of the Hospital de Sant Pau Modernista complex due to renovation work on the hospital’s Modernista pavilions. Access to the historical complex will only be allowed as part of Barcelona Modernisme Route guided tours, with the same times. As has occurred until now, the tours will begin at the entrance of the main building (corner Sant Antoni M. Claret / Independència) and at the same times.
Prices and discounts
Price: Adults €10.00.
children under 18 years of age and older 65-years-old €5.00.
Bus turístic and Barcelona City Tour: 20%.
Discount of the Modernisme Route: 50%.
Guided tours for groups. Must be reserved by calling: 932 682 444
School groups: €125,00
Avinguda Gaudí leads to the HOSPITAL DE LA SANTA CREU I SANT PAU (82) (HOSPITAL OF THE HOLY CROSS AND OF SAINT PAUL) wich stands at the opposite end of the avenue. Construction of the current premises began in 1902, following a design by Lluís Domènech i Montaner, who was sensitive to the new hygienist theories of public health applied to town planning promoted by the doctor Pere Felip Monlau and engineers Ildefons Cerdà and Pere García Faria (designer of the Barcelona underground sewage network in the 19th century). The new hospital was raised on one of the ends of the Eixample district, on land bought by the Hospital de la Santa Creu thanks to a donation by the banker Pau Gil. Gil provided in his will for the construction of a health centre bearing his Christian name, and thus “Sant Pau” was added to the “Santa Creu”. Work started in 1902 and finished around 1926, when the Hospital was finally moved from its old Gothic location in the Raval to the new building.
Domènech i Montaner’s work is considered to be one of the best Art Nouveau complexes in the world. The hospital is like a self-contained town, with streets, buildings and gardens. The access pavilion, crowned by a slender clock tower, has the exposed brickwork that predominates in the whole ensemble, with mosaics depicting historical subjects and stone capitals and corbels in the form of angels, sculpted by a young Pau Gargallo. Inside, the main features are the stained glass by Mario Maragliano, the large staircase and the ceilings, which are reminiscent of Islamic architecture. Two dates (1905 with the Greek letter alpha and 1910 with the Greek letter omega) indicate the start and finish of the work on this main building of the complex. The entrance pavilion and the 10 pavilions located around it were built under the personal direction of Domènech i Montaner and show the highly intelligent use of stone, iron and ceramics which is characteristic of the architect. Most of the remaining pavilions, including the huge Casa de Convalescència (Convalescence House), are a later work of Pere Domènech i Roura, the architect’s son. Some pavilions were given the names of male or female saints and others the names of Virgins. The pavilions are set among gardens and connected through a network of underground service passages more than one kilometre long. Thus Domènech designed a totally innovative hospital, breaking the building up into a series of cells surrounded by gardens, with a great deal of sunlight and fresh air, in which the patients and doctors enjoyed a far more pleasant natural environment than that of the old medieval hospital. One of the pavilions, currently used as a café, has an unusual Baroque façade, the original front of the old church of Santa Marta designed by Carles Grau in 1735, salvaged and moved to this location when the church was torn down to build the Via Laietana in 1909. The hospital occupies 14.5 hectares, the equivalent of nine blocks of the Eixample, and has been restored several times. In 1978 the Modernista pavilions of the hospital were declared a historic artistic monument, and in 1997 the ensemble was listed as UNESCO World Heritage. In the twentieth Century, the Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau has begun to build a new, larger and more modern building on an adjacent site. This new hospital, however, must respect the harmony of the Modernista pavilions, and only two of the four levels of the new building will be visible, yet surrounded by a small wooded area: the other two will be below ground level. When the new premises come into operation, the Modernista pavilions will be devoted to research, education and cultural activities.